Budd, Edward


The elder son of Sir Cecil Lindsay Budd, KBE (H1877-1883) of the Briars, Reigate, Surrey and Bloom Budd (daughter of David Woolf). His brother was John Cecil Budd (Coll. 1913-1916). He came to his father’s old house from Mr Norman’s school close to his home, and in his last year he was a House prefect and played in Commoner XV. From 1911 to 1914 he was at the University of Clausthal in the Harz, in northern Germany.

He was commissioned into the Irish Guards in August 1914 but did not join his Battalion in France until 1916. He was often sent out on reconnaissance missions and one in particular earned him the M.C. in May 1917 when the citation, published in the London Gazette, stated: “M.C. to Lieutenant Edward Budd, Irish Guards, Special Reserve (attached to 1st Battalion): For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He carried out a dangerous reconnaissance under heavy fire, and brought back most valuable information. He has on many occasions done fine work”.

He took over command of 4th Company in August 1917 and in the same month received a Bar to his M.C. for “conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. After a personal reconnaissance of an enemy blockhouse which was harassing his front line, he made sound and skilful disposition for its capture which was effectively carried out. The capture of the blockhouse not only relieved the front line from annoyance and loss, but enabled the whole line in this vicinity to be advanced about 200 yards. He showed very great initiative and military skill”.   This action was in July 1917.

By January 1918 the Battalion was short of officers and Budd was acting Adjutant, when he was awarded a further Bar to his M.C. for another daring reconnaissance when all communications had been severed. The citation read: “5th July 1918. Second Bar to MC to Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Edward Budd, MC, Irish Guards, Special Reserve: “For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He led his company with great skill and judgment, and during the subsequent consolidation displayed marked ability and disregard of danger, reorganising his own company and rendering great assistance to neighbouring company commanders. Later, when, during an enemy attack, all communications were cut, he volunteered to go up to the front line and clear up the situation. He successfully accomplished this task, in spite of continuous sniping and machine-gun fire. Throughout the operations his coolness was most marked, and his sound judgement was of the greatest help to his battalion commander.”

Rudyard Kipling, in his “Irish Guards in the Great War: Edited and Compiled from their Diaries and Papers: Vol I : the First Battalion” describes what happened on the day Captain Budd was killed: “On the 7th May they went up from Monchy, by the ever hateful, ever-shelled Cojeul valley, to the Ayette sub-sector, relieving the 2nd Coldstreams. Next day the devil-directed luck of the front line, after a peaceful, fine night, caused the only trench-mortar sent over by the enemy that did not clean miss all our posts, to fall directly in No. 3 Post, right front Company (No. 4), instantly killing Captain Budd, MC commanding the Company, and with him 2nd Lieutenant E.C.G. Lord and seven men. Captain Budd’s energy and coolness, proved on many occasions, were a particular loss to his comrades. He was a large silent man, on whom every one could and did lean heavily at all times. He knew no fear and was of the self-contained, intensely alive type, always in danger, but never by his friends connected with any thought of death. Second Lieutenant Lord (“Rosy” Lord) was a keen and promising young officer. Those were the only casualties of the tour. They were buried in the little Military Cemetery near Ayette.”

War: World War 1

  • Surname: Budd
  • Forenames or initials: Edward
  • House: H
  • Years in School: 1907-1911
  • Rank: Captain
  • Regiment: Irish Guards
  • Date of Birth: 14th June 1894
  • Date of Death: 8th May 1918
  • How Died: Killed in action
  • Location in War Cloister: Outer D6
  • Decoration: M.C. & 2 Bars
  • Burial Site: AYETTE BRITISH CEMETERY: Grave B. 3.