Hemingway, Charles Eric Montgomerie
Eric Hemingway was the younger son of Henry Edmund Hemingway and Beryl Montgomerie Hemingway (née Aitken). He had a distinguished scholastic career at Winchester, winning the English Verse, Latin Essay and French Prizes, a Scholarship at New College and a School Exhibition. He was essentially a scholar and not an athlete, and developed a wide and miscellaneous knowledge of things ancient and modern. At Oxford he obtained a First in Honour ‘Mods’, won the Hertford Scholarship in 1933 and, after switching to more modern studies, obtained a First in PPE. He competed successfully in the Home Civil Service examination and was appointed to the India Office in 1937.
After the outbreak of war he secured a commission in the Intelligence Corps and was sent to the central Mediterranean in readiness for the Sicilian invasion. A small advance party was sent forward from Malta, and to this party Hemingway was attached as an Italian-speaking officer with a special knowledge of the country, in which he had often travelled.
On the night of 9th/10th July 1943, an Allied fleet of 2,590 vessels launched one of the largest combined operations of World War II – the invasion of Sicily. Over the next thirty-eight days, half a million Allied troops grappled with their German and Italian counterparts for control of this rocky outwork of Hitler’s “Fortress Europe.” When the fighting was over, Sicily had become the first piece of the Axis homeland to fall to Allied forces. More importantly, it served as both a base for the invasion of Italy and as a training ground for many of the soldiers who, eleven months later, landed in Normandy.
Hemingway’s party landed at Augusta on the night of July 16th/17th 1943, and before dawn a heavy air-raid began, in the course of which a bomb dropped on the headquarters to which he was attached, killing him instantly. He was thirty years of age, and lies in grave VIII.F.15 of the Syracuse War Cemetery, Sicily.
- Surname: Hemingway
- Forenames or initials: Charles E. Montgomerie
- House: College
- Years in School: 1926-1931
- Rank: Lieutenant
- Regiment: Intellegence Corps
- Date of Birth: 20th December 1912
- Date of Death: 17th July 1943
- How Died: Killed in Air Raid
- Location in War Cloister: Inner F1
- Decoration: NA
- Burial Site: Syracuse War Cemetery, Sicily: Grave VIII.F.15